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Testing

HIV testing can help women feel empowered to take control of their health.

Why Test?

Testing for HIV and other sexually transmitted and blood borne infections (STBBIs) is an important step, empowering women to connect with treatment and care, take control over their health, and prevent further transmissions. If you test negative, you can learn more about HIV preventing, including HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

In Ontario, women may be tested for STBBIs, including HIV, through a family physician or by visiting a sexual health clinic. Testing for STBBIs does not automatically include an HIV test. Women who want an HIV test must request this specifically.

What to Know Before Testing

Before getting an HIV test, it is important to understand the different types of tests available, the possibility of a positive test result, and HIV treatment options. In Ontario, there are four types of tests available:

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STANDARD HIV TEST

A sample of your blood is taken and sent to a public health laboratory with your name.

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ANONYMOUS TEST

A sample of your blood is taken and sent to a public health laboratory with a code so that your personal information is kept anonymous. Anonymous testing is available at 50 locations across Ontario, mostly sexual health clinics and community health centres. Physicians and Walk-in clinics do not offer anonymous testing. To find the nearest anonymous site to you, contact Sexual Health InfoLine Ontario.

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POINT OF CARE TEST

A sample of your blood is taken and tested while you wait. If your test is negative, you will learn the results immediately (about 30 minutes). If your test is reactive, your blood sample is sent to a public health laboratory for Standard HIV Testing to confirm the test results. Point of Care testing is available at over 40 locations across Ontario, mostly at sexual health clinics and community health centres. Many locations offer Point of Care testing anonymously.

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PRE-NATAL TEST

For women who are pregnant, testing should be offered as part of pre-natal care. This is usually a Standard HIV Test. It is important to be aware of treatment and care options for pregnant women and newborn babies.

When and How?

CENTERING WOMEN’S EXPERIENCES

"Women need HIV testing to be offered in spaces that work for them, and by staff who understand the many different factors that impact their lives. Women who use drugs, Indigenous women, Trans women - all benefit from testing options that work in their communities and with the support of people they trust."


— Service Provider, Ontario

RESOURCES

Brochure

HIV Testing

CATIE and ARCH's national resource on HIV testing.

Brochure

Your Guide to HIV Treatment

CATIE's guide to HIV treatment.

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